Bismuth is used in low melting point alloys and is used in malleable iron. It is added to aluminium and steel for better machinability. Bismuth compounds are used as catalysts and in semiconductors.
Bismuth compounds are used therapeutically for the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers. Bismuth subsalicylate appears to be effective in the suppression of Helicobactor pylori and is increasing used for the treatment of relapsing gastric ulcers.
Bismuth is rapidly excreted in the urine.
Recommended sampling time is POST SHIFT - the last 2 hours to immediately following the end of the working day.
Aliquot to Core laboratory for UCRN
Chilled (2 - 8 degrees Celsius)
If overnight - Chilled (2 - 8 degrees Celsius)
Reports issued by Canterbury Health laboratories will have results along with current Normal population Reference Intervals (RI).
For interpretation against Biological exposure indexes (BEI) please refer to the latest Worksafe’s : Biological Exposure Index (BEI) review.
See link in “Additional Information” tab below for Workplace Exposure Standards on the Worksafe.govt.nz website
0-0.22 nmoL/mmoL creatinine
To convert urine bismuth nmol/L to ug/L multiply by 0.209
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