ALT is a cytoplasmic enzyme predominantly found in hepatocytes.
ALT is included as part of the liver function tests panel.
Indications for testing
Investigation of liver disease
Heparin microtainer tube 600 µL
Chilled (2 - 8 degrees Celsius)
ALT should be interpreted with the results of the other liver function tests.
ALT and AST are hepatocellular enzymes. An elevation of ALT and/or AST indicates damage to the hepatocytes with release of the enzyme into the circulation.
The AST/ALT ratio (De Ritis ratio) may suggest the underlying cause of the liver disease:
– AST/ALT >1 is associated with alcoholic liver disease, hepatic ischaemia and some types of viral hepatitis
– AST/ALT <1 is a common finding in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – these patients should be screened for other features of the metabolic syndrome
The magnitude of elevation does not always correlate with the degree of liver damage. Liver enzyme elevations in advanced cirrhosis are often relatively mild due to the paucity of functioning liver tissue. Conversely, very large elevations may occur due to hepatic ischaemia and toxin-induced necrosis (e.g. paracetamol overdose).
Performed on Beckman Coulter AU5822 analyser using Beckman Coulter reagents.
$2.91 (Exclusive of GST)